Business and Other Risks Corporate Information Business and Other Risks
The forecasts and projected operating results are based on information available and assumptions deemed rational as of May 8, 2015, and thus entail inherent uncertainties. Accordingly, investors are cautioned that actual results may differ materially from those projected as a result of a variety of factors. The following items are business and other risks that the OKI Group considers may significantly influence investors' judgments. The following are also major factors that could possibly affect the Group's actual performance.
It should be noted, however, that factors that may affect the Group's performance are not limited to these items. The OKI Group is aware of the potential impact these risks may have if any were to occur and is implementing measures to avoid such occurrence, as well as to minimize the weight of their impact should they occur.
- Political and Economic Trends
- Sudden Technological Innovation
- Market Trends
- Raw Materials and Component Procurement
- Product Defects and Delays in Delivery
- Success or Failure of Strategic Alliances
- Overseas Business Activities
- Patents and Intellectual Property
- Statutory and Regulatory Compliance
- Natural and Other Disasters
- Information Management
- Procurement and Training of Human Resources
- Interest-Rate Fluctuations
- Changes to Accounting Standards
- Debt Recovery
- Impairment Loss on Fixed Assets
- Deferred Tax Assets
- Retirement Benefit Obligations
- Stock Price Fluctuations
Political and Economic Trends
Demand for the OKI Group's products is subject to political and economic trends in the individual countries and regions in which they are sold. Accordingly, economic recession, the resulting contraction in demand in the OKI Group's principal operating markets of Japan, North America, Europe, Asia, and South America and changes in the import-export policy for foreign products may impact its business performance and financial position.
Sudden Technological Innovation
The OKI Group's principal business segments, comprising InfoTelecom Systems and Printers, are subject to rapid technological innovation. Accordingly, the OKI Group strives to preserve its competitive advantage through new technology and product research and development. In the event, however, that the OKI Group is unable to keep pace with technological innovations, is burdened with obsolete products, and is unable to deliver products and services that appeal to customers, its performance and financial position may be affected.
- The product and geographical markets in which the OKI Group operates are subject to frequent entry by new participants and persistent competition. In an effort to secure competitive advantage, the OKI Group strives to enhance product development and reduce costs. In the event the OKI Group is unable to implement effective product development and cost rationalization measures and fails to maintain and secure sufficient market share, its business performance and financial position may be affected.
- The performance of Info-Telecom Systems segment is subject to a variety of factors including: (1) changes in investment trends by financial institutions due to revisions of financial regulation, poor performance and other factors; (2) changes in investment trends by telecommunication carriers owing to amendments to telecommunication regulations, shifts in business strategy and other factors, and; (3) a significant decline in public-sector investment due to national and local government policies.
- The printer market is experiencing intense price competition, particularly in color printers. In an effort to secure a strong market position and profitability, the OKI Group is endeavoring to develop new products and reduce costs. Despite these efforts, continued downward revisions to product prices may impact the Printers segment's performance.
Raw Materials and Component Procurement
The OKI Group procures a variety of raw materials and components in support of its manufacturing activities. The ability to ensure timely product shipment, avoid delays in product delivery and minimize opportunity loss is dependent upon the stable supply of raw materials, components, specialized parts and alternative components. The OKI Group's performance and financial position may therefore be affected in the event stable supply cannot be maintained due to natural disasters and other factors.
The OKI Group is reliant upon the direct and indirect supply of crude oil and materials, such as metals, as a part of its manufacturing activities. A sharp rise in the price of these and other key materials may impact the OKI Group's performance and financial position.
Product Defects and Delays in Delivery
Despite every effort to maintain quality assurance, the OKI Group is unable to eliminate all possibility of product and service defects. In the event of a product or service defect, the OKI Group may be liable for damages. In addition, any incidence of defect may impact the OKI Group's reputation and standing and contribute to a drop in demand. In either case, the OKI Group's performance and financial position may be affected.
While the OKI Group adopts complete and thorough measures to ensure the timely delivery of its products and services, unforeseen incidents in design, material procurement and production control may lead to a delay in shipment. In this case, the OKI Group may become liable for the payment of damages.
Success or Failure of Strategic Alliances
The OKI Group is aggressively engaged with other companies in strategic alliances in research and development, manufacturing, sales and other activities. While the OKI Group only enters into and maintains such alliances with the utmost caution, there may in theory be instances where the OKI Group is not able to obtain the desired cooperation from the strategic partner in business strategy, production and technical development, fund procurement or other activity, or where the alliance does not yield satisfactory results. The OKI Group's performance and financial condition may be adversely affected by such an event.
Overseas Business Activities
The OKI Group is engaged in manufacturing and sales activities across a variety of countries and regions.
Accordingly, it is subject to a number of risks specific to overseas business activities, including country risk and foreign currency fluctuation risk. The OKI Group operates production sites in Thailand, China, Brazil. The OKI Group's performance and financial position may therefore be affected in the event of economic recession, political turmoil, movements in local currency exchange rates and unforeseen circumstances in either of these countries.
To minimize foreign currency fluctuation risk, the OKI Group enters into forward currency and currency swap contracts to address fluctuations of the yen against the U.S. dollar and euro. However, the OKI Group cannot guarantee the complete removal of risk, and abrupt fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates in particular may affect the OKI Group's performance and financial position.
Patents and Intellectual Property
The OKI Group strives to protect its patents and to secure new patents with the aim of differentiating the OKI Group from its competitors. Failure to do so may impact the performance of relevant businesses. The OKI Group is also active in securing the necessary approvals and authorization from third parties for the use of exter nal patents required in the development and manufacture of new products. In the event the OKI Group is unable to secure patents or rights, or secures patents or rights under unfavorable terms and conditions, its performance and financial position may be affected.
The OKI Group endeavors to comply with patents held by third parties. It is not, however, in a position to completely guarantee the OKI Group will not violate intellectual property rights held by another party. In the event the OKI Group is involved in a claim relating to the violation of intellectual property rights, it is likely to incur legal and other expenses. In the event the OKI Group is found to have breached intellectual property rights held by another party, then it is likely to incur damages. In either event, the performance and financial position of the OKI Group may be affected.
Statutory and Regulatory Compliance
The OKI Group is subject to statutory and regulatory requirements, business and investment application and approval, export restrictions relating to national security and other factors, import regulations including customs and taxation and a variety of government ordinances in each of the countries and regions in which it operates. The OKI Group is also subject to statutory and regulatory requirements relating to commerce, antitrust, patents and intellectual property rights, taxation, foreign currencies, the environment and recycling. In the event the OKI Group is unable to comply with any of the aforementioned or any unexpected changes occur, the possibility exists that its activities would be restricted or suspended. Accordingly, the aforementioned and other statutory and regulatory requirements may impact the OKI Group's performance and financial position.
Natural and Other Disasters
The OKI Group conducts periodic inspections and implements a variety of accident, disaster and fire prevention measures to minimize stoppages of its production lines. However, there is no guarantee that the OKI Group will be able to completely prevent accidents as well as natural and other disasters that negatively affect the operations of its production facilities. Moreover, accidents in production lines due to earthquake, wind or flood damage or electric outages as well as natural and other disasters in the countries where the OKI Group conducts marketing operations may adversely impact the Group's performance and financial position.
Although the OKI Group implements defense measures to protect its internal systems against computer viruses and the leakage of information, the Group cannot guarantee complete protection from system failure and information leakage attributable to human error, new virus strains other like causes. The Group, therefore, faces the risk of cumulative losses should there be a breech in the information management structure.
Procurement and Training of Human Resources
The ability to secure and foster high-quality human resources is a key factor in ensuring further growth as a stable earnings company. Accordingly, the OKI Group strives to recruit capable employees at every level, including new graduates and mid-career employees. In an effort to foster exceptional human resources, the OKI Group also conducts on-the-job training, education and a variety of training activities. In the event the OKI Group is unable to secure and foster high-quality human resources or a number of key employees leave the OKI Group, future growth may be affected.
The OKI Group maintains interest-bearing debt that is subject to the impact of fluctuations in interest rates. The OKI Group utilizes interest-rate swaps and other instruments to manage the risks of interest-rate fluctuations. However, there is a possibility that interest charges may suffer an increase associated with a rise in interest rates and that the increased cost of raising capital would adversely affect the Group's ability to raise working capital.
Changes to Accounting Standards
The OKI Group makes consolidated and non-consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting standards generally recognized as fair and accurate. Should changes to accounting standards occur, there is a possibility that the OKI Group's performance and financial position may be adversely affected.
While the OKI Group constantly appraises the financial situation of its customers and sets aside an adequate amount of allowances based on its provision for bad debts after the Balance Sheet date, a sudden deterioration in the financial condition of a major customer could exert a negative influence on the OKI Group's performance.
Impairment Loss on Fixed Assets
In the event that it becomes necessary for the OKI Group to dispose of impairment loss on fixed assets, such as tangible and intangible fixed assets, investment and other assets, the Group's performance and financial position may be adversely affected.
Deferred Tax Assets
The OKI Group amortizes deferred assets against retained losses carried forward and temporary differences as appropriate. In the event the OKI Group is unable to liquidate deferred tax assets due to the decline in taxable income brought on by fluctuations in its business results, the OKI Group's performance may be affected.
Retirement Benefit Obligations
The OKI Group provides for retirement benefit obligations based on a discount rate established using actuarial calculations and on long-term expected rate of return on pension assets. However, such preconditions and assumptions are susceptible to changes in market interest rates and stock market trends, which may cause actual results to differ from such preconditions and assumptions. Such an event could lead to an increase in retirement benefit obligations and impact the OKI Group's performance and financial position.
Stock Price Fluctuations
The OKI Group holds shares in listed companies as part of its investment securities portfolio. Falling share prices may lead to valuation losses or declines in unrealized gains on such holdings, which may impact the OKI Group's performance and financial position.